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Issue 16 – Action/Agency

Num°16

numero-16

ACTIONS AND THEIR ACTORS

EDITORIAL

To study actions means to thematize that which is most common and hidden; by thematizing it, one discloses its non-obviousness. Every theory of action begins by describing a specific conceptual field, one that is characterized by self-understanding and motivation, within the more general, semantic area having to do with movements, processes, and behaviors. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author: ,

 

Actions, Reason Explanations, and Values

Num°16

Löhrer

According to the orthodox causalist view, intentional action is a behavior which is caused in the right way by the reasons for which the agent acted and it is explained in terms of their causally effective reasons. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Bacteria, Animals, Human Beings

Num°16

Rhodospirillium Rubrum

The article sketches a semiotic philosophy of action through comparing three different species and their ways to manage motility: bacteria, non-linguistic animals, and human beings. The article claims that all living species share the common requirement of having to determine a course of action in a polarized universe. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Corporate Speech in Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission

Num°16

CitizensUnited

This essay identifies two arguments in the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2010 ruling in Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission, a direct argument in Justice Kennedy’s opinion, and an indirect argument in Justice Scalia’s concurring opinion, for applying the First Amendment to corporate speech. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Attempted Crime and Impossible Felony: The Boundaries of a Punishable Action

Num°16

Pistola2

The essay starts with the historic development of the theme of the impossible attempt and moves to a consideration of the twofold question of (a) the degree of penalty for the attempt in relation to the committed crime and (b) whether the unsuccessful attempt can be punished. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Freude an dem Tun. The Sentiment of Action in Fichte’s Philosophy

Num°16

Fichte

After suggesting five ways in which Fichte’s philosophy can be regarded as a philosophy of action (§ 1) and explaining the systematic meaning of the primacy of the practical in Fichte (§ 2), this article focuses on the feeling that accompanies right action according to Fichte. In the Jena period (1793-1799), Fichte argues that the good and right action does not have enjoyment as its goal but is accompanied by a feeling of satisfaction (Befriedigung) arising from the self-affirmation of the I as autonomous will and involving contempt for all enjoyment (§ 3). Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Action and “Good Will” in Hannah Arendt

Num°16

Arendt2jpg

Hannah Arendt’s reflections on acting were inspired by the Christian tradition and Roman and medieval thought; sometimes they developed in opposition to modern positions and in contrast with contemporary scholars. In this essay, I propose to follow Arendt’s sources with respect to the problem of the will which, although distinct from knowing, has often been called into question as autonomous faculty because preference was given to the conflict with desires and emotions. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Action, Mind and Matter in G.H. von Wright’s Later Writings

Num°16

VonWright

In the final years of his tireless exploration of the problems arising from “man’s place in nature”, von Wright turned his attention to the philosophy of mind as it relates to rational agency and to its role in the construction of the world of facts. This paper shall highlight (i) how the concept of human action, based on time-bound categories, allows us to reconcile determinism and free action, according to the Kantian concept of man as a “citizen of two worlds”, of the intelligible world in which he is a free agent, and of the phenomenal world in which he is a body subject to causality; Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Critical Hermeneutics and (Sectarian) Analytics of Action

Num°16

ricoeur

Starting from a general problematisation of the role of philosophy today, this article thematises the philosophy of action in its different uses, in science and analytical philosophy as well as in phenomenology and hermeneutics. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Jürgen Habermas on Linking Systems and Action Theory

Num°16

Habermas

Theoretical discussions have served to bridge the gap separating systems- and action-theoretical approaches; however, the question of their basic compatibility has rarely been raised. This paper takes up the effort of Jürgen Habermas at linking systems and action theory. Habermas seeks to overcome the limits of the theory of action by widening its scope in systems-theoretical terms. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 

Hans Joas and the Creativity of Action

Num°16

Hans-Joas

This essay presents the fundamental aspects of the theory of the creativity of action as it is developed by Hans Joas, the German sociologist. The theory is based on the retrieval, started with a monograph on Mead, of American pragmatism; it is aimed at overcoming both utilitarianism and normativism through a criticism of their shared presuppositions, namely, the logic of means to ends, the disposability of the body, and the autonomy of the subject. Read more »

 
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Numero 16 February, 2016 - Author:

 
 
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