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Posts Tagged ‘metafisica’

Metaphysics and the Time of Festivals

Num°15 FESTIVAL II
NicolaciPiramoeTisbe

The essay centers on the connection between truth and time. The originarily tragic constitution of such a connection undergoes a turn in the birth of metaphysical thought. Metaphysical thought is here presented as a form of thinking that unfolds entirely within the path of the skeptical, Socratic principle of “knowing not to know” and unrolls ideally in a time without duration, a time unrepresentable to consciousness, a merely logical time. Leggi tutto »

 
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Numero 15 FESTIVAL II October, 2015 - Autore:

 

What there could be

Num°08 REALITY
Hilary_Putnam

The essay consists of two sections. The first section is an attempt to see how an ontology could look like from an anti-reductionist point of view. Given the intertwining between ontology and epistemology, the idea is stressed according to which the fundamental ontological aim is best accomplished not by asking “What is there?” but “What could there be?” The second section focuses on Hilary Putnam’s metaphysical stance, highlights the phenomenon of “conceptual relativity,” and tries to clarify the sense in which Putnam deems that the very project of ontology amounts to flogging a dead horse.

 

Ontological Stratification and Fluidity of Reality

Num°08 REALITY
stratificazione

The question of reality implies the necessity of declaring a principle of reality. Thus, it means the necessity of declaring a principle of existence. Through the adoption of a wide criterion like that of intentional existence following up on Quine’s accounts, the question is reformulated as a question concerning not what but how being is. Using Bauman’s concept of liquidity in an ontological manner and discussing Malabou’s notion of plasticity, the form as essence is seen in its possibility of being receptive and fluid and not ontologically static or stiff. Facing a stratified reality, we need to insert phenomenology and hermeneutics into metaphysics or rather rediscover the originary phenomenological and hermeneutical nature of metaphysical thinking.

 

Praise of Idealism

Num°08 REALITY
Image by Lauren Guilmette

In a society built on concepts of appearance and virtuality, the very invocation of “reality” seems to have an already thaumaturgic power. Yet, to think that embracing reality as a critical power may produce enlightenment is especially naive. The virtual world cannot be perforated by injections of realism but rather by opposing the appearance of the inessential with an ethical ideal that works for a transformation of society. Philosophy has an intrinsic idealistic vocation. The idealists are not naive individuals who find refuge in the construction of an ideal world for their own use and benefit; on the contrary, the idealists are those who do not find themselves at ease in the real world and therefore envisage, in an act of freedom, how the world ought to be.

 
 
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