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Posts Tagged ‘patologia’

Issue 23 — Pathology

23 PATHOLOGY
numero-22-03 (2)

PRETENDING TO BE HEALTHY?

EDITORIAL

Several concepts today strongly need rethinking. Among them are certainly the (largely but not entirely overlapping) concepts of nature, normality, and, perhaps, even health. Reconstructing these concepts is undoubtedly a gigantic undertaking. The proposal we put forth here is an invitation to contribute to their revision by examining a specific concept that appears to be their opposite, namely, pathology. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:,

 

Pathology between History, Genomics, and Rehabilitation Science

23 PATHOLOGY
Pareti2

The great season of pathology started in the nineteenth century with the Viennese school of Rokitansky and Virchow’s cellular pathology. Nevertheless, autopsies were performed even earlier and diseases were investigated especially as consequences of phlogistic phenomena or alterations of the tissues. If compared with the past, things have changed a great deal in the second half of the twentieth century. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

The Soul and the Ghost: A Complex Physio-pathology of the Soul in Plato

23 PATHOLOGY
Petrucci

Assuming that, according to Plato, the true self consists in the soul and that the rational part of the soul has the leading role as far as human affairs are concerned, it seems easy to conclude that the perfect condition of the human soul must coincide with the annihilation of irrational psychic components. The present essay intends to show that such an interpretation is reductive and philosophically ineffective. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

Universal Pathology, or: On the Theological Whims of Health

23 PATHOLOGY
Munch2

Augustine is at the beginning of a twofold development of ideas which may appear contradictory in its outcome but is perfectly coherent if one considers the initial approach. On the one hand, health has nothing to do with sickness (from a structural standpoint, the good is not at all implied with evil): pure health and the impossibility of getting sick and die do exist. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

Some General Clarifications Related to Health and Disease

23 PATHOLOGY
Pellet

What is health? What is disease? In the contemporary literature on health and disease, the notions of health and disease are indirectly if not directly related to other more general cognates like “(un/counter)nature”, “natural vs. artefactual kind”, “(ab)normality”, “(dys/mal)function” or “(dis)value”, without that the relationship between health, disease and these very general notions is clearly further analyzed. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

The Reconstructions of Pathological Processes

23 PATHOLOGY
Giaretta2

In clinical medicine as well as in the sciences, data may be insufficient to reconstruct a process that is occurring or has already happened. In clinical medicine in particular, data insufficiency may give rise to a great variety of conjectures. The specificity and particular role of conjectures in the reconstruction of individual pathological processes contributes to clarify the distinction between clinical medicine, which would be idiographic, and pathological medicine, which would be nomothetic. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

Pathology and Psychology: The Evolution of a Relation

23 PATHOLOGY
Gallizia3

Modern psychology is born also out of the dialogue and confrontation with the notion of pathology. The relation among psychology, pathology, and their representations has evolved a lot and can be retraced through some fundamental stages. In the current period, the systematization of scientific knowledge and psychopathology has been institutionalized in various models; nevertheless, many questions remain still open with respect to the genesis and evolution of pathology. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

The Precedence of the Pathological: Elements of a Philosophy of Negative Values in Georges Canguilhem

23 PATHOLOGY
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The present essay intends to offer an interpretation in terms of a philosophy of values of Georges Canguilhem’s normative philosophy of the living as it is presented in his 1943 Essai sur quelques problèmes concernant le normal et le pathologique. In particular, the essay intends to show that precisely the question of the relation between the pathological and the normal enables the surfacing of a specific thesis, namely, the priority of negative values. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

Robert Spaemann and the Normativity of the Real

23 PATHOLOGY
Spaemann

The current essay aims at understanding the notions of “normal” and “pathological” on the grounds of the historical-theoretical reconstruction of the crisis and rediscovery of theological thought made by Robert Spaemann (1927-2018) in Natürliche Ziele. A meaningful and vital experience of the real ultimately depends on the rehabilitation of telos, which also makes possible the full intelligibility of the real in a way that escapes the dialectics between two opposed forms of reductionism, namely: naturalism and spiritualism. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:,

 

Alzheimer and Plasticity: Rethinking the Nature of Neurodegenerations

23 PATHOLOGY
BrainPlasticityMalabou

Demographic and epidemiological statistics show that the progressive ageing of the population and the increase of the many diseases linked to it are one of the most urgent problems of the Western world. In fact, the progressive increase of expectation of the life span gives birth to new shapes, new languages and dynamics of subjectivity. These new developments are still a prerogative of medical, psychological, and neuroscientific research. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 

When Diseases Put People “Back in Shape”: Destructive Plasticity and Traumatic Figures

23 PATHOLOGY
shapeoutlineexample

Nowadays, philosophy must confront the emergence of new concepts of illness and “the new wounded,” meaning with this term individuals who suffer from pathologies affecting their identity and upsetting their affective economy. In her works,  Catherine Malabou, one of the most influential thinkers in the contemporary French debate, investigates the affective isolation of Alzheimer’s patients, the loneliness of those who suffer with depression, and the pain experienced by the “survivors” of identity destruction; she does so in constant dialogue with the European philosophical tradition (Spinoza in particular) and recent discoveries in neuroscience. Leggi tutto »

 
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23 PATHOLOGY July, 2019 - Autore:

 
 
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